Section Six - Additional materials
Videos, exercises, books, games, papers and so on (updated regularly)
Last update: 17-mar-2022
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Additional materials for section one - introduction in transparency
Additional materials for section two - introduction in AI
- A classic are the three laws of robotics by Isaac Asimov on Wikipedia;
- The famous parabel on AI turning the world into paperclips by Nick Bostrom;
A video (3 minutes) on the idea of the paperclip maximizer.
There is also a paperclip maximizer game on the website of Nick Bostrom.
A TED interview (15 interviews) with Nick Bostrom on the end of civilization (for a fun afternoon):
- The Future of Life Institute (website) that cautions against AI and developed the Asilomar Principles;
- An open course in AI Ethics by the University of Helsinki;
A very clear video on AI taking over the world (5 minutes):
Of course, we need Elon Musk in this section. When he's not firing rockets into the skies or making cars or connecting computers to brains, he's busy warning about the dangers of AI.
Video (23 minutes):
There are also some fun cartoons on MIT's Moral Machine.
There are also (very wise) people that believe strong AI will never emerge. For example this interview (11 minutes) with Luciano Floridi on the AI Winter.
Or these articles:
- A blog on Piekniewski that argues quite convincingly that the AI winter is coming;
- Again, Luciano Floridi, in a wise article on Aeon.
- An article on The Verge of AI startups not using AI.
- An article from Gary Marcus on Deep Learning hitting a wall.
- Janelle Shane who points out the short of AI in her great book: You Look Like A Thing and I love You with great, fun examples on AI.
- And, there is Max Tegmark with his impressive book on AI (Life 3.0) that gives us all perspectives;
- Or Hannah Fry who explorers what it means to be human in times of AI in her book Hello World;
Also check the website of Janelle Shane with all kinds of examples of weird AI. Or this great talk:
On AI playing games:
Here is a video of Garry Kasparov losing to Deep Blue (6 minutes)
Om Netflix & YouTube there is a great documentary on AlphaGo beating the best GO player in the world (90 minutes).
Additional materials for section three - black box
- The paper of Michael Kosinski on his gaydar;
- A PDF with issues on automatic decision systems and some solutions;
- An article in The New Yorker on the hidden costs of automating;
- If a computer is really intelligent it can not be explained and vice versa. That is the real catch 22 according to this article in One Zero.
Additional materials for section four - towards transparency
Max Tegmark explains how AI works in the 4 minute video below. One comment said: 'Viewing life as a game and then doing everything better than us.'
AI can be weird and sometimes pretty stupid. What about this trap for autonomous vehicles by artist James Bridle.
Biased input can create large problems. An example is Tay the Racist Chatbot. Article here.
Some other things to read & frameworks:
Additional materials for section five - in AI we trust
A final disclaimer
We realize that there are a lot of TED Talks in the crash courses and yes we do know that TED(x) Talks are kind of 'learn porn.' However, they are great for selling stuff, and we really would like to sell you the idea that thinking about the impact of technology is important. However, as an antidote, we present you this TEDx Talk by Rens van der Vorst who argues that creating opaqueness can be very effective.